All Medical Screening units include Unit 1: Introduction.  You need to complete this only once. 

In this unit we cover:
  • Signs and symptoms
  • Pathways for metastases
  • Endogenous risk factors
  • Exogenous risk factors
  • Clinical reference sheets

Learning Activities:
  • Slide handouts
  • Video presentation (43 minutes)
  • Quiz

Learning Outcomes:

  • List the most common types of cancer
  • Describe common cancer pathways and signs and symptoms of bony metastases
  • Describe the endogenous and exogenous risk factors for different cancer types.
  • List clinical symptoms and signs of different cancer types. 

Study Time:
Approx. 1 hour


Instructor Dr Jack Miller


Dr. Miller completed his BSc in Physical Therapy at the University of Toronto. He then spent six years in New Zealand where he completed the Post-Graduate Diploma of Manipulative Therapy in 1984 being the first non-New Zealander to do so. During this program he had the opportunity to be directly mentored by both Robin McKenzie and Brian Mulligan. On returning to Canada, he went on to complete a Masters of Clinical Science at Western University in London and a Post-Professional Doctor of Physical Therapy Degree from the University of St. Augustine in the USA.

Jack has been the senior editor of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association’s Orthopaedic Journal, an executive member of the Orthopaedic Division of CPA, the President of the Canadian Academy of Manipulative Physical Therapy, a member of the CPA Specialization accreditation committee, the conference chair for IFOMPT 2012, and a founding member of the Mulligan Concept Teacher’s Association.

He has presented at conferences internationally, published research articles in peer-reviewed journals, multiple textbook chapters and taught high level, evidence-based manual therapy courses internationally since 1990.

Jack holds an academic teaching position at the University of Toronto is a co-director of Key Clinical Skills and works clinically as an Advanced Practice Physiotherapist triaging for fluoroscopy-guided spine injections procedures.